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  • Andman
  • History-
  • Tourist attraction for adman nikobar
  • Excursion-
  • About Nicobar
  • Getting to there :)
District of Andaman is Northern Part of Andaman & Nicobar Islands and comprises of 550 Islands, Islets and rocks out of which only 26 are inhabited. Some of these islands are large such as Middle Andaman, North Andaman, South Andaman, Baratang and Little Andaman islands. The northern most island is Landfall and southern most Little Andaman. The total area of Andaman District is 6,408 Sq.Kms. The highest point of the territory is also situated in this District at Diglipur. There are four primitive tribes in Andaman District and they have been recognised as belonging to the Negrito stock, namely Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas and Sentinelese.

Floating in splendid isolation, east of the Indian mainland is the archipelago of 572 emerald islands, islets and rocks known as Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This Union Territory is stretched over an area of more than 800 kms. from north to south with 36 inhabited islands. Once a hill range extending from Burma(Myanmar) to exotic flowers and birds. The topography of the islands is hilly and abounds in evergreen forests. The sandy beaches on the edge of meandering coastline are fringed with coconut-palms that sway to the rhythm of the sea. The sea around the islands offer excellent scope for water sports. The rare flora and fauna, underwater marine life and corals, with crystal clear water and mangrove-lined creeks, offer a dream-view of the rare gifts of nature. The clean and wide roads, free of filth as well as unpolluted fresh air attract any nature-lover, who seek absolute peace and tranquility in the lap of mother nature. Adventure tourism like trekking, island camping, snorkeling, scuba diving etc., are the real attractions. A visit to these islands is a memorable lifetime experience.

Mythologically, the name Andaman was presumed to be derived from Hanuman, who was known to the Malays as Handuman. Since pre-historic times, these islands were the home of aboriginal tribes. The tribes of the Andaman group of islands are the Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and Sentinalese, all of Negrito origin, while the tribes of Nicobars are the Nicobarese and Shompens, both of Mongoloid stock. The first settlement by the British took place in 1789, which was later abandoned in 1796. The second settlement was basically a penal settlement, taken up in 1858, after the First War of Independence, followed by the settlement of convicts, Moplas, some criminal tribes from Central and United Provinces, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, Burma and Sri Lanka as well as ex-servicemen.

In these islands people of all faiths-Hindus, Muslims, Christians, Sikhs etc., and of all languages like Hindi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Punjabi, Nicobari etc., live together in complete peace and harmony. Inter-religion and inter-regional marriages are common. This amazing racial and cultural mix is correctly described as Mini-India.

Forests are the green gold of the islands. The reserved and protected forests extend over 86% area of the territory and the forest cover is more than 92% About 50% of the forests has been set aside as Tribal Reserves, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries, which are inviolate. Luxuriant mangroves, perhaps one of the riches in the world, occupy nearly 11.5% of the territory. More than 150 plant and animal species are endemic in nature. Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park is rich in corals, varieties of coloured fishes, sea turtles etc., besides other marine life. It is a bird's paradise - more than 271 varieties of birds inhabit the idyllic landscape, out of which 39 are endemic. Megapode, Swiflet, Hornbill and Nicobar, Pigeon are some of the specialties of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
There is a reference in the Hindu epic Ramayana, to the monkey-god Hanuman making a stopover in the Andaman while he was en route to Lanka in search of Sita. Aboriginals have inhabited the Islands for thousands of years – but their xenophobia and their belligerence resulted in the area remaining unexplored. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle of ‘Sherlock Holmes’ fame described the islanders in his book, ‘The Sign of Four’, as "perhaps the smallest race upon this earth – fierce, morose and intractable”. Lying on the ancient trade route between Burma and India, the islands were delineated on Ptolemy’s second century a.d. map. The Chinese traveller, I-Tsing who visited India in the seventh century gave a rivetting account of these isles, as did the Venetian explorer Marco Polo.

The place became the naval base of the great Maratha admiral, Kanhoji Angre in the early 18th century. He frequently crossed swords with the Europeans – the British, the Dutch and the Portugese. In 1713, he captured the yacht of the British governor of Bombay, releasing it only after obtaining a hefty ransom. Though attacked later by a combined British/Portugese naval task force, Angre remained undefeated until his death in 1729. The first westerners to set foot on these isles were the Danes in the mid-18 th century.

However, these offshore islands had not escaped the eagle eyes of the British. In 1789, they established a penal colony on South Andaman Island, but had to abandon it seven years later because of the unhygienic living conditions. Finally in 1872, they annexed both groups of islands. However, the only point of settlement developed by the British was Port Blair, which was converted into a prison for convicts serving life terms. For the next 70 years, the atolls remained untouched by time until the Japanese occupied them in World War II. In December 1943, the Indian nationalist Subhas Chandra Bose, who was working in tandem with the Japanese, unfurled the Indian tricolour at Port Blair. However, the territory reverted to the British after the defeat of the Japanese in World War II. Come August 1947, and the English left our shores to go back to their island-nation, while Andaman and Nicobar became part of the dominion of India.


General Information

State Capital
Port Blair

Stretches from 6o N to 14o N and 92o E and 94o E longitude.

8,249 sq. km.

Tropical climate. Andaman and Nicobar Islands come in hot and torrid zone and has no winter season. Rain season lasts for 180 days in a year

Summer - January to April and Monsoon - May to December.

From sea-level to 732 m above sea level, highest point being Saddle Peak in North Andaman near Kalipur beach.

Except a few small islands of the Nicobar district, others have rising and falling terrain with main ridges running North-South and spurs running East-West in between the main ridges. The submerged valleys form deep inlets and creeks. Only in Great Nicobar one can see 5 perennial rivers. The islands are surrounded by coral reefs in most parts.

The People
The aborigines can be classified into two main groups. The tribes of Andamans of Negrito origin and the tribes of Nicobar of Mongoloid stock. Great Andamanese, Onges, Jarawas, and Sentinalese reside in the Andamans while only two tribes the Nicobarese and Shompes live in Nicobar. Due to the interaction of some of these tribes with the mainlanders, and the ensuing diseases contracted, they are at a risk of being exterminated. To save these tribes, the government of India has set up protected areas where they can live their original life styles. A couple of tribal groups, especially the Sentinelese (in North Sentinel Island) are even now hostile towards outsiders! However their numbers do not exceed even a few hundredsand they live in protected areas where no one would ever volunteer taking you to.




Cellular Jail
Cellular Jail, located at Port Blair, is a mute witness to the tortures meted out to the freedom fighters, who were incarcerated in this Jail. The Jail, completed in the year 1906 acquired the name, 'cellular' because it is entirely made up of individual cells for the solitary confinement of the prisoners. It originally was a seven pronged, puce colored building with a Central Tower acting as its fulcrum and a massive structure comprising honey-comb like corridors. The building was subsequently damaged and presently three out of seven prongs are intact. The Jail now a place of pilgrimage for all freedom loving people, has been declared a National Memorial.

The penal settlement established here by the British after the First War of Independence-e in 1857 was the beginning of the agonizing story of the massive and awful Jail at Viper Island followed by the Cellular Jail. The patriots who raised their voice against the British Raj were sent to this Jail, where many perished.

Netaji Subash Chandra Bose hoisted the first Tri-Color on 30th December, 1943 at a place near this Jail. During the 50th year of India's Independence, the living freedom fighters and widows of the freedom fighters, who were incarcerated in the Cellular Jail were honored by the President of India on 30th December, 1997. A commemorative coin and a postal stamp on Cellular Jail were also released on this occasion.

The saga of the heroic freedom struggle is brought alive in a moving Son-et-Lumiere' shown daily at 6.00 PM (Hindi) and 7.15 PM (English). Also there is a Museum and an Art Gallery which is open on all days except Monday from 9.00 AM to 12 Noon and 2.00 PM to 5.00 PM.

Andaman water sports complex
This is a unique sports complex in India in its own kind. There are facilities for safe Water Sports such as Rowing Boats, Paddle Boats, Kayaks, Aqua-cycle, Aqua-glide, Bumper boats, etc., and Adventure water sports such as Water-skiing, Water scooters, Gemini boats, Para-sailing, Sail boats, Wind-surfers, Speed boats, Glass-bottom boats, etc., There are Saline Water Swimming Pool, Nature-walk, Change Room, Food Plaza, also. There is a Memorial built to commemorate the Battle of Aberdeen, fought between the British and Andamane aborigines in May, 1859, in which many Andamanese died. There is an artificial water-fall nearby.

Children's traffic park
This park near Aberdeen Water Sports Complex, is set up by the Traffic Police to educate young children about the traffic rules. There is a Toy Train nearby.

Gandhi park
This beautiful Park at Port Blair has facilities like children's park, amusement park, entertainment park, deer and bird park, water sports, nature trail,, lake, garden, restaurant and Japanese temple, as well as a bunker. The erstwhile Dilthaman Tank, which was the only source of drinking water to Port Blair has been developed into Gandhi Park in an unbelievably short time of 13 days.

Corbyn's Cove
Corbyn's Cove, 7 Kms., from the town, is the coconut-palm fringed beach, ideal for swimming, surfing and sun-basking. Facilities like water sports, restaurant and bar, change room, etc., are also available.

The Chatham Saw Mill
The Chatham Saw Mill, one of the oldest and largest mills in Asia, built on a tiny island, is connected to Port Blair by a bridge. It is a store-house of timber like Padauk, Gurjan, Marble, Satin Wood, etc. The island has the second largest wharf of these islands, where island-mainland ships can berth.

Ross Island
At the mouth of the Port Blair port lies the 0.6 sq km Ross Island co­vered by small creeks. In the past, the admi­nistrative headquarters of the British were here as well as the residence of the British Chief Commissioner. In 1941 the island was devastated by an earthquake and in 1942 it was occupied by the Japanese. The British recaptured it in 1945 but the headquarters were no longer at Ross, which became unin­habited, bearing only a light house, church, cemetery and tennis court to remind one of the past, standing as reminders of the British and Japanese colonialization of the island. Thiere is also a natural zoo here in the forests of about 200 ft high garj an trees where spot­ted deer and peacocks welcome passers by. In the coastal area you can see corals and trepper's conch shells. Ross Island is open to Indians and non-Indians alike.

Every day ex­cept Wednesdays, at 8-30, 10-30, 12-30, 14-15 and 16-30 hr launches take passengers to Ross Island from the Phoenix Bay Jetty be­low Haddo, the journey by water taking 25 mins. Passengers are given 2 hr to see around and revel in past reminiscences. Though drinking water is available during this tour, you should carry food with you. Tickets are available at the jetty.

Viper Island
Viper Island is very near to Port Blair and was the old Jail were British's used to harbor convicts. It has ruins of gallows atop a hillock. The Jail was abandoned when the Cellular Jail was constructed in 1906.

Parrot Island
It is a tiny island situated near Baratang. It's a home to thousands of parrots. During sunset, thousands of parrots will come in groups to settle in that island. The landing of parrots can be viewed from boats and it's a wonderful experience to watch such a huge number of parrots landing there. Totally, Baratang is a nature of lover's paradise

Neil Island
Neil is one of the islands chosen by the government to turn into a luxurious tourist destination. The coral reef here is still intact and is what makes snorkeling a great pleasure here. This island is situated just 36kms away from port Blair. This island is also called the vegetable bowl of Andaman. It provides an ideal holiday for eco-friendly tourists. Laxmanpur, Bharatpur, Sitanagar beaches are the name of the beaches situated here. This beautiful island with lush green forest and sandy beaches is connected by boat from Port Blair, four days a week. It provides an ideal holiday for Eco-friendly tourists.

Anthropological Museum
Above middle point on the way to Haddo, at Phoenix Bay is the AnthropologicalMuseum (open from 9-00-16-00 hr) on all days except Saturdays and holidays. Here, models and photographs unfold the lifestyle of the islanders and the social sciences in the past. Also on display are various local hand­icrafts.

Fisheries Museum
The Fisheries Museum is situated along the coast by the side of the prison and Gymkhana Grounds. It has a con­siderable collection of crocodiles, sharks, dolphins, prawns, crabs and 350 more spe­cies of marine fauna and shells. A major attraction of the island, the museum, re­mains open from 8-30-12-30 and 13-30-17-00 on all days except Sundays.

Naval Marina Museum
This museum in Delanipur is a major tourist spot in Anda­man, displaying more than 350 species of marine fauna and marine products. The museum is also a repository of information on the islands. Open from 8-30-12-30 & 13-30-17-00.

Chatham Saw Mill
2 km north of Haddo is the Chatham Saw Mill the oldest and largest mill in Asia. To go to island like Chatham, you have to cross the bridge over a creek. Here you can see various rare tropical trees, paduk, marble and satins. More than a thousand employees are at work here. They have a show room at Haddo too. All ships from Calcutta go via Chatham.

Cottage Industries Emporium (Zoological Museum)
On the south-west of Marine Park in Middle Point at the heart of the city is the Zoological Museum. Nearby is the Cottage Industries Emporium where you can both admire and buy pearl, conch shell and wooden art efacts made by the islanders.


Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park
Kept in splendid isolation from Indian mainland are the emerald isles of Andaman and Nicobar, a rare testimony to nature’s brilliance. These huge cluster of small and large islands crowning the Bay of Bengal boast of immense bio diversity (both Terrestrial and Marine) that inspire Eco-tourism profusely. One of the prime attractions of the area is the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park with its world famous coral reefs. The park is a combination of 15 lush green islands, creeks and open sea space that spreads over 280-sq. km. of sheer mangrove forests, tropical jungles, sandy beaches and exotic marine life under crystal clear water.

A view down into the water through glass-bottomed boat will leaves you with an entireworld of underwater kingdom vying against the colors of Rainbow. For the most enthusiasts there are facilities for snorkelling or even options of deep-water scuba diving to discover the brilliance of nature beneath the sea. The park is famous for its rich marine life that include variety of underwater coral reefs, colorful fishes, shells, starfish, sea anemones, salt-water crocodile, turtles, sharks and water snakes.

Corals form the main attraction of the marine park. These great microcosms of life and color play a vital role in maintaining the health of the surrounding eco-system. But today their own life is subjected to unprecedented crisis owing to human intervention, extensive fishing and global warming. Efforts are being implemented to keep them intact in their pure natural surrounding unspoiled and untouched. And ‘Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park’ is one of the few such areas that protect this incredible underwater splendor. Some important varieties of coral found in the park are pocillopora, montipora, acropora, leptoseris, fungia, porites, gorgonians and tubipora.

There are also a good number of terrestrial lives found in the park like mammals, wild boar, spotted deer, civet and the fruit bat. Among the reptiles of the area, the most commonly found are the krait, cobra, king cobra, vine snake and python. Beside the park is also a favorite hunt for bird watchers. Some of the common avian species around the area include the local serpent eagle, white bellied sea eagle, local teal, whistling teal, pigeon, dove, tern, kingfisher, wader, swift, reef heron and parakeet.

Jolly Buoy, Redskin and Cinque are the most frequented islands of the park. The park is located at Wandoor, just 30 km away from Port Blair Airport. October to May forms the ideal season for visitors. Accommodations are mostly in the form of forest rest houses, which are available only after taking special permission for overnight stay.

Little Andaman Waterfalls
White Surf - 6.5 Km from the Hut Bay Jetty, this eater fall in the midst of the evergreen rainforest is an ideal pic-nic spot. Whisper Wave: 25 Kms from the Hut Bay Jetty this waterfall is also in the midst of the jungle. Journey to this waterfall includes 4 Kms. Trekking through the forest.

Mount Harriet
The summer headquarters of the Chief Commissioner during British Raj, it is an ideal place for a nice and fascinating view of the sun, sea and sand. It is 365 meters high, the highest peak in the South Andamans. One can trek upto Madhuban through a nature trail and can find rare flora and fauna, endemic birds, animals and butterflies. Conducted tours to Mt. Harriet are available from Andaman Teal House. Mt. Harriet to Madhuban offers the awesome trekking trail, the complete track is lined with rich and meager forest life, flora and fauna. Trekking equipment and tents are available on hire from Andaman Teal House. (55 km, by road/15 km by ferry from Port Blair)

Mini Zoo
Situated in Haddo, Port Blair, it houses some of the rare species of endemic birds and animals found in these islands.

This place is a trekking area, north east of South Andaman. Exotic endemic birds, animals, butterflies, and elephant lumbering are the most interesting part of the trek. (75 kms. by road/20 kms. by ferry and road from Port Blair)

Sippighat Farm
Sprawling over an area of 80 acres is a Government farm. Research & development programs for cultivation of spices like cloves, nutmeg, cinnamon, coconut and Ruins in Ross Island pepper are conducted.

Jolly Buoy
An island in Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park, it offers a breath taking underwater view of coral and marine life. It is an ideal place for snorkeling, sea bathing and basking on the sun kissed beach.

Cinque Island
The lure of underwater coral gardens and unspoiled beaches specially a sand bar joining two islands are irresistible. Super place for SCUBA diving, swimming, fishing and Camping.

Red Skin Island
Another island in Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park has a nice beach and offers spectacular view of corals and marine life

The Nicobar Islands are separated from the Andaman Islands by the ten-degree channel. It comprises of 28 islands measuring about 1841 sq .kms. The Nicobar Islands are abounding in coconut palm, casuarinas, pandanus, etc. The giant robber crab, monkeys with long tail, nicobari pigeon, megapode are found in Nicobar Islands. The south most part of India, the Indira point is found in great Nicobar. Foreigners are not allowed to visit this island. Indians are also given permission only in exceptional cases.


Car Nicobar - (270 kms by sea from Port Blair)
Car Nicobar is the headquarters of Nicobar district. It is a fertile island covered with coconut palms and beautiful beaches.

Katchal - (425 kms by sea from Port Blair)
This is a tiny island in the Nicobar group.the first sunrise of the millenium at katchal has brought the nadman and nicobar islands in limelight further of the best tourist destinations of india. This island has wonderful beaches at east bay, jhula, etc.

Great Nicobar - (540 kms by sea)
This island is the south most tip of India. Many would have believed that south most tip of India is Kanyakumari but actually its Indira point in great Nicobar. This is a turtle nesting ground for Giant leather back turtles. This island also has a biosphere reserve area.The above tourist places makes andaman and nicobar islands a wonderful destination for all kind of travellers.

Getting To Andman Nicobar

By Air
The only airstrip in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is at Port Blair. There are regular flights for Port Blair from Calcutta and Chennai. The flight takes about 2 hours from either of these two cities.Indian Airlines and a couple of private airlines fly on these routes a couple of times each week.

By Sea
Calcutta , Chennai, and Visakhapatnam are the entry points by sea. Ships set sail about 4 times every month from Chennai and Calcutta and once every month from Visakhapatnam. The journey takes 60 hours from Chennai, 66 hours from Calcutta, and 56 hours from Visakhapatnam.Bookings begin one month in advance and the tickets are issued 3 days before sailing. The ships are organised and managed by the shipping corporation of India.

Tour CodeNights/DaysPickup - DropPlaces
ANB 0013 N/2 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 2 Nights Port Blair
ANB 0023 N/2 DPort Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop3 Nt Port Blair
ANB 0034 N/5 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop4 Nt Port Blair
ANB 0044 N/5 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop4 Nt Port Blair - Excursion Havelock
ANB 0054 N/5 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 3 Nt Port Blair, 1 Nt Havelock
ANB 0065 N/6 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 5 Nt Port Blair, Excursion Havelock Island
ANB 0075 N/6 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop4 Nt Port Blair, 1 Nt Havelock Island
ANB 0085 N/6 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 3 Nt Port Blair, 2 Nt Havelock Island
ANB 0096 N/7 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 5 Nt Port Blair, 1 Nt Havelock Island
ANB 0106 N/7 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 4 Nt Port Blair, 2 Nt Havelock Island
ANB 0116 N/7 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 3 Nt Port Blair, 3 Nt Havelock Island
ANB 0126 N/7 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 4 Nt Port Blair, 1 Nt Havelock Island, 1 Nt Baratang
ANB 0137 N/8 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 5 Nt Port Blair, 2 Nt Havelock Island
ANB 0147 N/8 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop5 Nt Port Blair, 1 Nt Havelock Island, 1 Nt Baratang
ANB 0157 N/8 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 4 Nt Port Blair, 2 Nt Havelock Island, 1 Nt Baratang
ANB 0168 N/9 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 4 Nt Port Blair, 2 Nt Havelock Island, 1 Nt Baratang
ANB 017 8 N/9 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 6 Nt Port Blair, 1 Nt Havelock Island, 1 Nt Baratang, Neil Island Excursion
ANB 0189 N/10 D Port Blair Airport Pickup & Port Blair Airport Drop 6 Nt Port Blair, 2 Nt Havelock Island, 1 Nt Baratang

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