The Royal Castle of Mewar

  • Kumbhalgarh
  • Kumbhalgarh History
  • Toutist Attraction
  • Things To Do
  • Getting To there

About kumbhalgarh
Kumbhalgarh is located in Rajasthan; precisely in its southern part. It is situated at about 105Kms to the west of Udaipur. It is quite a unique and an interesting destination, which attracts tourists from not only all over the country but also all across the globe. The location of Kumbhalgarh has always given it an added advantage as far as history is concerned. This fort was virtually inaccessible in the 15thcentury. Rana Kumbha of Mewar designed this fortress. He designed this great defensive fortress on a hill, which was situated at a height of 3,500 feet above the earth's surface, which is approximately 1100 metres high. The person standing on the fort can easily see the approaches made by any individual from Ajmer and Marwar.

Today, because of this fort being easily accessible from Udaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur and Pushkar and yet being beautiful, Kumbhalgarh has turned into the highly visited and an attractive tourist destination. A couple of attractions at Kumbhalgarh include the massive Kumbhalgarh fort which was constructed in the 15thcentury and whose wall surrounding it is supposed to be the second longest wall after the Great wall of China. Another reason why people visit Kumbhalgarh is the wild life sanctuary, which covers an area of about 57778sq Km and is an abode to a huge variety of wildlife as well as several exotic birds.

Apart from the splendid scenic locations in Kumbhalgarh, the places around Kumbhalgarh are equally beautiful and worth watching. These places include

The Ranakpur Jain temples, which were built in the year of 1438. Then there is also the magnificent Ghanerao royal castle, which has been converted into a heritage hotel for several paying guests.

Rajsamand Lake that is one of the most famous one and the most popular excursions around Kumbhalgarh, the Muchchal Mahavir temple that is widely known for it's artistically carved statue and Haldighati, the venue of the most well known or the famous historical battle that would have happened.

The temperature at Kumbhalgarh is generally pretty hot and is between 25ºC- 42ºC during the summer season and varies from about 2ºC, which is pretty cold to maximum of 22ºC during the winter season. The languages spoken by the local people of Kumbhalgarh in Rajasthan are Hindi and Rajasthani. Because of more and more tourists coming and visiting the place, people have also started communicating in English. The ideal time to visit Kumbhalgarh is from any time within the months of September to March, since the climate is either cold or pleasant for people visiting the place. After March it gets a little too hot for the tourists. During monsoon the climate is quite humid. The annual total rainfall averages around 88 cm People living in Kumbhalgarh prefer wearing light tropical clothes for summer and woolen clothes for winter. Girls are often seen wearing ghaghras and guys in dhotis.

Under the rule of the king Rana Kumbha, the kingdom of Mewar stretched right from Ranthambore to Gwalior. The kingdom also included vast tracts of Madhya Pradesh as well as Rajasthan. About 84 fortresses have been defending Mewar from its enemies. Out of the 84, Rana Kumbha, himself, has designed about 32 of them. Of all the fortresses, which have been designed by Rana Kumbha, Kumbhalgarh has been the most impressive, famous and the massive one with a wall of the length 36Km. The fort lies at about 90Kms away from Udaipur towards its Northwest. It is situated at about 1914m above the sea level and is the most important fort after Chittorgarh.

The site where Kumbhalgarh stands once was a bastion, which belonged to the Jain descendent of Mauryan emperors of India during the second century AD. It also separated Mewar and Marwar from each other and was also use as a place of refuge for the rulers of Mewar at times of danger, especially Prince Udai, the baby king of Mewar. It was only once in the entire history that Kumbhalgarh was taken or it could not defend or breach its defense when the combined armies of Emperor Akbar, Raja Udai Singh of Amber along with the armies of Raja Man Singh of Amber and Raja Udai Singh of Marwar attacked the fort of Kumbhalgarh. That too happened because of the scarcity of drinking water.

Kumbhalgarh is the same place where prince Udai was smuggled to in 1535. This happened when Chittaur was under siege. Prince Udai who later became the successor to the throne also became the founder of the Udaipur City. The renowned Maharana Pratap, who fought against the army lead by Akbar in the battle of Haldighati in the year 1576, was also born at Kumbhalgarh.

Kumbhalgarh Fort
Rana Kumbha who found the fort of Kumbhalgarh got it constructed in the 15thCentury. Kumbhalgarh Fort was one of the very few forts in history, which never got conquered. One of the most important reasons stated for it is the aggressive or the hostile landscape of the fort. A thick wall that is 36Kms long surrounds this remarkable fort. The perimeter of the wall is assumed to be the longest after the Great Wall Of China. The wall stretches across the Aravali Mountains. The fort is about 1100m high from the sea level and offers a marvelous view of the surrounding area. The main attractions of the fort consist of mesmerizing palaces along with about 360 different types of temples inside it with 300 being the Jain temples and the remaining being the Hindu temples.

13 mountain peaks surround the fort of Kumbhalgarh, 7 huge gates guard the fort and immense watchtowers further strengthen it. The Badal Mahal Palace is right at the top of the fort. The palace has beautiful rooms and is painted in the colours of green, white and turquoise, thus providing an interesting contrast to the raw and grim fortress. Kumbhalgarh is also the place where the great warrior of Mewar, the legendary Maharana Pratap was born.

The Mewar Fortress in the Rajsamand district of Rajasthan was renovated and enlarged again by Maharana Fateh Singh in the 19thCentury. Now it is accessible to the public and tourists as a museum. The fort is easily accessible and is just about 60Kms away from the city of Udaipur.

It is also said that the Maharana of Kumbhalgarh failed to build the fort's wall for several times. Then later after they consulted a pilgrim about this problem, he advised that them to behead him and to build up a temple wherever his head fell. He also asked them to build the wall where his body laid. Following his advice the wall, which is the second largest wall in the world, was built.

Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary
The Kumbhalgarh travel and tourism is known for its Wild Life Sanctuary. The wild life sanctuary at Kumbhalgarh lies in the flourishing green zone in the Rajsamand district of Rajasthan. The wildlife sanctuary surrounds the fortress and is spread over an area of 578 sq km. The Sanctuary also covers regions of Udaipur and Pali district along with Rajsamand, ranging to an elevation from about 500 to 1300 meters.

The Kumbhalgarh wildlife sanctuary is a habitat to a wide variety of wildlife as well as exotic birds. It acts as a home to several animals such as leopards, wolf, hyena, jungle cat, four horned antelope, chinkara, jackal, sloth bear, gray jungle fowl, nilgai and many more. It an also an abode for several types of birds such as peacocks, gray pigeons, red spur owls, bulbul, white breasted kingfisher, doves, golden oriole, parakeets, etc. the sanctuary is a paradise for the bird watcher's.

A barely jeepable, hazardous track takes the visitor to the Sanctuary. Kumbhalgarh is one of the few parks where horse rides are permitted. It is also the only place where the activities of the species of a rarely found wolf can be observed as well as studied. Another main attraction here are the crocodiles, which are bred scientifically in the lake. There is also a crocodile farm where guests are provided with guesthouses to stay over. The guesthouse belongs to the Forest Department.

Thousands of flamingoes, ducks, egrets, spoonbills make use of the forest cover, jungle berries, algae, water grasses and fish to to sustain the cold during winter. The best time when the Sanctuary can be visited is from the month of October till the month of June.

Ranakpur Jain Temples Near Kumbhalgarh
Apart from the beautiful scenic locations in Kumbhalgarh, the places around Kumbhalgarh are equally beautiful and worth watching. Missing these places would be a great loss to an adventure seeker. One of the most important destinations is the Ranakpur Jain temples. These well-known and renowned temples are not too far away from Kumbhalgarh and are just 50Kms away from them through Vanpura and Saira.

Rana Kumbha built these Jain temples in the year of 1438. Ranakpur, which was then a frequently ravaged war land turned into a center full of serenity and tranquility and also became a center of meditation. It also turned into a museum to protect sculptures to which the rich and wealthy ministers and merchants of the Jain community kept adding statues and shrines. The Chaumukha temple, which is situated right at the center of all the temples, has been dedicated to the Adinath Tirthankara. There lies an astonishing monument right in the middle of 29 halls and 1444 different pillars and each of them have been carved distinctly.

Out of all the temples, 2 of them have been specifically dedicated to the Jain saints. These temples have two very beautiful carvings of Parasnath and Neminath and are quite identical to those, which are responsible for making Khajuraho so famous.

There is also a Sun temple pretty nearby which has wall's which are decorated and embellished richly using various figures and designs like horses, warrior and other solar Deities riding splendid chariots. This place is truly worth visiting and it relaxes the mind completely making you feel closer to god.

Ghanerao, which is a small town near Kumbhalgarh is the place where Thakur Sajjan Singhji along with his wife and son Kumar Himmat Singh recreated the ambience of the charming old world by converting this magnificent Ghanerao royal castle into a heritage hotel for several paying guests. Gopal Das Rathore originally constructed this castle in the year 1603.

In the areas surrounding the castle are situated the royal and the splendid cenotaphs of the former warriors and the rulers. There is also a beautiful and artistic Jain temple specially dedicated to the Lord Mahavira near the Ghanerao castle.

The Ghanerao castle, which is the royal castle of Rajasthan, is to be found in the region very close to Kumbhalgarh, the Ghanerao region. This castle comprises of a large number of havelis made up of graceful sandstone and marble bastions. The castle has been built up in a typical Rajput architectural style with numerous Rajput miniature paintings put up on all the walls of the magnificent castle. Yet another impressive feature of this castle are the chandeliered rooms and the beautifully carved lattice friezes.

Every room of this castle is distinct and differs from every other room in terms of the balcony, verandahs and terraces. The restaurants available in this hotel serve multiple cuisines along with the traditional Rajasthani dishes. The hotel also provides additional facilities and privileges such as the Jeep safaris and sightseeing tours to all the places situated nearby such as the Kumbhalgarh fort, Wildlife sanctuary, the historic Jain temples and many such places.

The genuine warmth of this place accompanied with the beautiful ambience as well as the peeing maids, carved jharokhas, hunting trophies, coloured windows and the chandeliers make this place a must watch!!

Rajsamand Lake, Kumbhalgarh
One of the most important places to watch at Kumbhalgarh is its wildlife sanctuary. You will never be disappointed once you visit this fortress city because there are several other attractions that cannot be missed out and are definitely worth visiting. Amongst all of them, Rajsamand Lake is one of the most famous one and the most popular excursions around Kumbhalgarh. It is a place visited and enjoyed by people belonging to any class and any age group. It is enjoyed by one and all including the kids; who need a place to play, their parents who come to relax and unwind from their busy schedules and their grand parents who just come to enjoy the scenic beauty.

The Rajsamand Lake, which is situated in Rajasthan, is situated on the way to the Kumbhalgarh city. A marvelous dam was built in the 17thcentury on this beautiful looking lake. The bank of this lake has a beautiful view and is full of Cenotaphs also called as chhatris. The bank also has several stunning arches commonly known as torans by the people of Rajasthan. There are also a large number of pavilions, which give a gorgeous view to the tourists and the localites staying around.

The bank of the Rajsamand Lake also has a rest house, which has been constructed and built up by the Department of Irrigation. The lavish looking rest house is further decorated with a magnificently laid out garden having several trees and distinct plantations. The garden looks colourful. The main attractions of the lake are the stunningly carved sculptures and the Sanskrit verses which are vividly inscribed in the store

Kumbhalgarh is nothing but a small village, which is situated next to Udaipur. Shopping at Kumbhalgarh is not something that you could call a pleasing experience nor is Kumbhalgarh some shopping destination where you can claim to shop till you drop. There is rarely anyone who really shops at all at Kumbhalgarh. Rather than shopping it is more of a place where people come to relax and admire the beauty of the nature. Whatever people may say, but returning back home from a tour without buying anything for yourself or any souvenirs for the near and dear ones is practically impossible.

Incase of that, it is advisable to shop at Udaipur, which is the nearest city to Kumbhalgarh and is only of the most important tourist destinations at Rajasthan. The city of Udaipur is famous or renowned for its handicrafts and their miniature paintings in the Mughal or the Rajput style. The paintings that are drawn generally feature long necks, large eyes that are almond shaped and long fingers, all of which are made with the use of subdued colours. The miniature paintings are available on different materials such as silk, paper, marble and ivory. They usually make great souvenirs. Make it a point of picking up a few of them either for yourself or your relatives.

Other things, which are worth buying at Udaipur, are its silver jewellery; puppets, pottery and its stone carved items. Also the handmade papers, marble and wooden carved doors and the brassware's and precious- semiprecious stones are a must watch.

In Udaipur, the main shopping areas are situated around the Jagdish Temple and along the Lake Palace road. Many other places that you can check out for shopping are Bapu Bazaar, Chetak Circle, City market and Hathipole.

The several shopping joints that are available at Udaipur make up for the lack of shops at Kumbhalgarh.

Kumbhalgarh, which is a very interesting destination situated close to Udaipur may not have numerous hotels, but there are quite a few of them. Most of the hotels available fall into the heritage category because these hotels are all old forts and palaces, which are being used for tourist accommodation. The hotels at Kumbhalgarh are all beautiful with impressive architecture and royal splendor, which very distinctly make each of them different.

The hotels also provide a very good view of the Kumbhalgarh fort and are also located quite close to the fort.The hotels and the places surrounding them are all full of natural beauty and they ensure a perfect holiday.

The prices of the hotels are quite affordable and moderate. There are various categories to choose from the well-appointed suites and rooms to suit your budget. The modern facilities along with the blend of the historical significance ensure a marvelous and a memorable stay at the hotels in Kumbhalgarh.

A lot of things are done to make the evenings special such as an arrangement of theme dinners, puppet shows, etc. At times folk music is also played accompanied with bonfire to give you the feel and the glimpse of the Rajasthani culture. Such are the hotels at Kumbhalgarh.

A couple of hotels at Kumbhalgarh are as listed below.

Kumbhalgarh, which is situated in the southern part of Rajasthan, is a very interesting destination attracting a lot of tourists all over. A couple of the tourist destinations, which are worth seeing, are the wildlife Sanctuary, the Kumbhalgarh Fort and the Muchchal Mahavir.

Kumbhalgarh is easily accessible using various mediums of transportation. There are several ways using which you can easily reach Kumbhalgarh. If you want to travel by road then there are several buses that take you to Kumbhalgarh from Udaipur, which is very well linked to major cities in Rajasthan, Gujarat and other important neighboring states. Another option is Ranakpur, which is again merely 18Kms away from Kumbhalgarh. You also have a choice for selecting your buses from the regular ones, which are generally taken by the localites, or the deluxe buses, which are the air-conditioned ones. Many buses from Ajmer, Pushkar, Jodhpur and Udaipur pass through Kumbhalgarh.

If you wish to travel by train in order to reach your destination then several trains from Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Delhi, Jaipur, Jodhpur and Ajmer pass through Phalna, which is the nearest junction to reach Kumbhalgarh.

Getting To Kumbhalgarh

By Air
Nearest airport to Kumbalgarh is Udaipur, which is about 84 km from the city. Pre-paid taxi charges about Rs 1600 from Udaipur to Kumbalgarh. Udaipur is connected by air to Delhi, Jaipur and Jodhpur.

By Rail
Nearest railhead is Phalna, a junction railway station, which is well connected to Mumbai, Ajmer, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Jodhpur.

By Road
Rajasthan State Government Roadways ordinary and deluxe buses have stop at Kumbhalgarh. It is connected to Udaipur, Ajmer, Jodhpur and Pushkar by the state buses.

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