INCREDIBLE EUROPE

  • History of europe
  • Switzerland-europe
  • London-europe
  • Paris-Europe

History

Homo georgicus, which lived roughly 1.8 million years ago in Georgia, is the earliest hominid to have been discovered in Europe. Other hominid remains, dating back roughly 1 million years, have been discovered in Atapuerca, Spain. Neanderthal man(named for the Neandertal valley in Germany) appeared in Europe 150,000 years ago and disappeared from the fossil record about 28,000 BC, with this extinction probably due to climate change, and their final refuge being present-day Portugal. The Neanderthals were supplanted by modern humans (Cro-Magnons), who appeared in Europe around 43 to 40 thousand years ago.The European Neolithic period—marked by the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock, increased numbers of settlements and the widespread use of pottery—began around 7000 BC in Greece and the Balkans, probably influenced by earlier farming practices in Anatolia and the Near East.

It spread from South Eastern Europe along the valleys of the Danube and the Rhine (Linear Pottery culture) and along the Mediterranean coast (Cardial culture). Between 4500 and 3000 BC, these central European neolithic cultures developed further to the west and the north, transmitting newly acquired skills in producing copper artefacts. In Western Europe the Neolithic period was characterized not by large agricultural settlements but by field monuments, such as causewayed enclosurees, burial mounds andmegalithic tombs. The Corded Ware cultural horizon flourished at the transition from the Neolithic to the Chalcolithic. During this period giant megalithic monuments, such as the Megalithic Temples of Malta and Stonehenge, were constructed throughout Western and Southern Europe. The European Bronze Age began in the late 3rd millennium BC with the Beaker culture.The European Iron Age began around 800 BC, with the Hallstatt culture. Iron Age colonisation by the Phoenicians gave rise to early Mediterranean cities. Early Iron Age Italy and Greece from around the 8th century BC gradually gave rise to historical Classical antiquity.

Switzerland


A tourist planning for a Switzerland Tour is always inquisitive about the tourist places to be visited during that Switzerland Tour. Fortunately in the whole of Western Europe, which is thronged by the travellers during the vacations, Switzerland is the most popular tourist country. The most popular tourist places within Switzerland are Geneva, Zurich, Lucerne, Zermatt, Interlaken etc. Apart from these, there are other ones too, though less popular yet picturesque. Switzerland Tourism Department is also active in the area of promoting travel and tourism in the country.

Interlaken
Interlaken is a charming little resort village tucked away in the Alps. This Swiss city is a paradise for mountaineers, skiers, and adventure sports lovers. Those who do not wish to be quite so exploratory on their vacation need not despair, Interlaken's splendid natural beauty, the icy majesty of the Alps, the little red trains chugging through green hillsides- all make Interlaken a nature lover's paradise. You can spend hours amidst the majestic Eiger and Monch, lost in contemplation; or if you are a poet, penning down some tribute to the beauty of Interlaken!

The Jungfrau is by far the most popular tourist attraction in Interlaken, Switzerland. Once you have reached the summit by cable car, you will enter a winter wonderland that reminds you of Santa Claus' workshop! The Ice Palace and the Sphinx Observation Hall are also intriguingly beautiful. The Alpine Garden in Shynige Platte is great a visit for botany enthusiasts. The Shynige Platt also features a permanent Teddy Bear Exhibition that is sure to be a hit with children.

Lucerne
Lucerne is the most populous city in Central Switzerland, and a nexus of transportation, telecommunications, and government of this region. The city's metropolitan area consists of 17 cities and towns located in three different cantons with an overall population of about 250,000 people. It has a number of bridges. The Bridge with its Tower is the city's most famous landmark.The twin needle towers of the Church of St. Leodegar, which was named after the city's patron saint, sit on a small hill just above the lake front.Contributing to Lucerne's cityscape alongside the world-famous Chapel Bridge and Water Tower are the Musegg Wall, the Jesuit Church, the Mill Bridge, the Lion Monument, the KKL culture and convention centre, and a host of other sites of interest. Lucerne is best discovered on foot – so why not take one of our many guided tours?

Jungfraujoch - Top of Europe
The Jungfraujoch is a col or saddle between the Monch and the Jungfrau in the Bernese Alps on the boundary between the cantons of Bern and Valais, inside the Jungfrau-Aletsch Protected Area.Strictly, the Jungfraujoch is the lowest point on the mountain ridge between Monch and Jungfrau, at 3,471 meters (11,388 ft). It is just above this location that the mountain station of Jungfraubahn is located, Jungfraujoch railway station, which at an elevation of 3,454 meters (11,332 ft) is the highest railway station in Europe. The Jungfraujoch is often called the "Top of Europe" in tourist literature.

Mt. Titlis - A Landscape Close To Heaven
The Titlis (3,238 m) is a mountain in the Urner Alps of Switzerland. It is located on the border between the cantons of Obwalden and Berne in Switzerland, overlooking Engelberg (Obwalden) and is famous as the site of the world's first revolving cable car. The cable car system connects Engelberg to the summit of Klein Titlis through the three stages of Gerschnialp (1,262 m), Trubsee (1,796 m) and Stand(2,428 m).

Lugano
Lugano is located on the Italian border with Switzerland. So it is no surprise that the region has traces of Italian influence in its culture. The city of parks, a lake and beautiful hills is a tourist paradise. Switzerland Hub takes you on a tour of Lugano, as you enjoy the many wonderful sights and sounds of the cities of Switzerland The lush parks of Lugano are a sight for sore eyes. The Belvedere Garden on the shore of the Lake Geneva has wonderful walkways that allow you to stroll through the park, admiring the beauty of the flowers and plants. The Ciani Parkoffers you a splendid view of the Lake Ceresio, and has some grand old trees, gnarled and knotted with age.

Geneva
Geneva is the one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world. The city has over 40 museums, and many pubs, cafes, and nightclubs. The Art and History Museum and the Natural History Museum are a must visit for all those who wish to know about the history and culture of Geneva. The Red Cross Museum offers visitors a glimpse into the various humanitarian crises that have overshadowed the world from time to time and the stellar role played by the organization in alleviating the suffering of people. Another Geneva tourist attraction is the Jet d'Eau, the 140-meter high fountain in Lake Geneva that is visible from most parts of the city.The Jet d'Eau is a large fountain in Geneva and is one of the city's most famous landmarks. Five hundred litres (132 gallons) of water per second are jetted to an altitude of 140 metres (459 feet) by two 500 kW pumps, consuming over one megawatt of electricity. Geneva is also famous for its breathtaking beauty. Situated on the shores of the Lake Geneva, Geneva is a tourist paradise for thousands of people from around the world. The Flower Clock is a timekeeper made of real flowers, located inside a lush landscaped garden.

Zurich
The Zurich Great Minster, dating back to the 12th century, has none of the light whimsicality associated with the monuments of Switzerland. The dark, brooding aspect of the monument is probably a testimony of its times, since the period was one of the more turbulent ones in the history of Switzerland. The Swiss National Museum is another Zurich tourist attraction. Here, you will get to know more about the history and culture of Zurich. The museum is situated just behind the Main Station, making it easily accessible by Metro Train. When you are near any lake in Switzerland, your experience remains incomplete without a lake cruise in Switzerland. The Lake Zurich, placid and serene, is a paradise for those who love boat cruises. As you cruise from Burkliplatz to Bahnhofstrasse, you will be able to take in some lovely scenery and understand why Switzerland is so popular as a tourist destination.

Bern
The capital of Switzerland, Bern, is a charming blend of the modern and traditional. The latest models in cars whiz past the UNESCO recognized Heritage Site of the city, as the tall church spires and 18th century mansions jostle for space with spanking new exhibition centers, Grand Prix racetracks and pubs And when it comes to Museums and Theaters, Bern relegates competitors to the background. The Bern Art Gallery, inaugurated in 1918, is a symbol of Bernese culture cultural accomplishments. The Collection of Classical Antiquitiesdisplays fascinating artifacts from the Greek, Roman and Egyptian Empires of the ancient world.

London


London is located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia.It is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom. London is a leading global city, with strengths in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transport all contributing to its prominence. It is the world's leading financial centre alongside New York City and has the fifth-largest city GDP in the world. London has been described as a world cultural capital. It has the most international visitors of any city in the world.

The Swaminarayan Temple
Located in an unexpected and fairly barren area on the edge of north-west London this stunning Hindu temple is an amazing spiritual and architectural gem, well worth the trip out to the suburbs - in fact, the bleak location makes the beauty and symbolism of the temple all the most spectacular. The first traditional Hindu Mandir in Europe, every one of the 26,300 individually carved pieces that make up Shri Swaminarayan Mandir in its entirety were carved in India and shipped over to London. All of these pieces were then fitted together in just three years, between 1992 and 1995. Inside and outside this place, also known as the Neasden Temple, is absolutely stunning.

The London Eye
This is the UK's most popular paid for visitor attraction, visited by over 3.5 million people a year.At 135m high The London Eye is the tallest ferris wheel in Europe and travels gently at a speed of 26cm per second. Each rotation takes 30 minutes in which time you can marvel at the views that span (on a clear day) up to 40km in all directions. Since its opening, the Eye has become a major landmark and tourist attraction and one of the iconic sights of London. From January 2011, it's official name was changed to the EDF Energy London Eye.Everyone love the big wheel at a fair ground, so the London Eye is a fantastic way of getting a bird's - eye view of the city. It is fantastic!

St Paul's Cathedral
St Paul's Cathedral was designed by court architect Sir Christopher Wren and was completed in 1710. Its famous dome is one of the world's largest, measuring 111.3 metres high and is an iconic part of London's skyline. St Pauls is one of the places where national events of great importance take place. Over the years, decoration has been added and removed so that today the history of the nation can be seen in mosaics and stone carvings throughout the building. The Whispering Gallery which runs around the interior of the Dome and is 259 steps up from ground-level fascinates both children and adults because a whisper made against its walls can be heard on the opposite side.

Madame Tussauds Wax Museum
Madam Tussaud created her first wax figure, of Voltaire, in 1777. In her memoirs she claims that she searched through corpses to find the decapitated heads of executed citizens, from which she would make death masks. Madame Tussauds is a museum that contains wax models of famous people. There are numerous galleries such as Pirates of the Caribbean, World leaders, Warhol's women The Royal Family, Sports Stars, the Culture zone and the History of London. There are interactive tasks such as entering the Big Brother diary room, umpiring an Andy Murray tennis match or taking a penalty alongside David Beckham. You can have your picture taken alongside A - list celebrities like Drew Barrymore, Orlando Bloom, Nicole Kidman and Leonardo DiCaprio.

Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace is the Queen's official London residence and is used to receive and entertain guests on state, ceremonial and official occasions for the Royal Family. The palace was originally built in 1705 for the Duke of Buckingham. There is an entry fee and tickets are limited so you should book ahead if possible. The Changing the Guard ceremony takes place in the forecourt of Buckingham Palace at 11.30 every day in summer, every other day in winter.The New Guard marches to the Palace from Wellington Barracks with a Guards band, the Old Guard hands over in a ceremony during which the sentries are changed and then returns to barracks.

paris
Paris famous for its rich history, beautiful architecture and cultural diversity, Paris remains one of the most visited cities in the world. Paris has always been a hive of artistic and intellectual activity with its 134 museums, 170 theatres, world famous universities and cultural festivals, which take place all year round.Of course, Paris is also the capital of fashion and design and is internationally renowned for its boutiques, department stores and young designers. Paris is divided in arrondissements and each arrondissement has its own monuments and places worth visiting. There are 5431 streets across the city, each one with a story of its own, relating to the history of France, its artists, scientists and saints.

Dreamy Disney Land
In a Magical Kingdom not so far away - somewhere between a place where you wish upon a star and dreams come true - Disney heroes and heroines live in fairytales that are, happily, never ending. Big Thunder Mountain and Space Mountain Mission 2 offer big thrills for the grown-ups, while little ones can sail around the world at "it's a small world". Of course, family fun can be found in every corner of the Park, from "Pirates of the Caribbean" to the "Mad Hatter's Tea Cups".

Boat Tour of The Seine River
Seeing some of Paris' most beautiful sites glide past as you drift down the Seine river is an unforgettable and essential experience. Companies such as Bateaux Parisiens offer 1-hour tours of the Seine year-round for about 10 Euros. You can hop on near Notre Dame or the Eiffel Tower. Go at night to enjoy the shimmering play of light on the water, and dress warmly- the wind from off the Seine can be chilly. You can also take tours of some of Paris' canals and waterways, which will allow you to see a semi-hidden side of the city of light.

Eiffel Tower
More than any other landmark, the Eiffel Tower has come to represent an elegant and contemporary Paris. The iron tower, which was built for the 1889 World Exposition by Gustave Eiffel, was wildly unpopular with Parisians when it was unveiled, and was nearly torn down. It has since attracted over 220 million visitors, and it would be hard to imagine Paris now without it. The tower crowns the Paris night sky with its festive light, and glitters up a storm every hour. Cliche? Maybe. But essential.

Tour
Tour CodeNights/DaysPickup - DropPlaces
EUR_A7 N/8 D 2 Nights Interlaken, 2 Nights Zermatt, 2 Nights Lucerne, 1 Night Zurich
EUR_B8 N/9 D 1 Night London, 2 Nights Paris, 1 Night Geneva, 2 Nights Interlaken, 2 Nights Lucerne
EUR_C8 N/9 D2 Night Munich, 2 Nights Prague, 2 Nights Budapest, 1 Night Vienna, 1 Night salzburg
EUR_D9 N/10 D 2 Nights London, 2 Nights Paris, 1 Night Geneva, 2 Nights Interlaken, 2 Nights Lucerne
EUR_E16 N/17 D2 Nights Rome, 1 Night Florence, 1 Night Vanice, 2 Nights Lucerne , 2 Nights Interlaken, 1 Night Heidelberg, 2 Nights Amsterdam, 3 Nights Paris, 2 Nights London


203 krishna Shilp, Nr. Motikaka's Chawl, Anand-vidyanagar Road, Anand - 388001 Ph: 02692 245455, E:info@chocolatyholidays.com
Copyright 2013 | Chocolate Tours & Travels. Design by Devraj Infosys