Land of Buddha

  • Thailand
  • History of Thailand
  • Geography of Thailand
  • Culture of Thailand
  • Tourist Attraction for Thailand
  • Getting to Thailand

What is Thailand ?
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailandand formerly known as Siamis a country located at the center of Southeast Asia. It is bordered to the north by Burmaand Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by theGulf of ThailandandMalaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Seaand the southern extremity of Burma. Its maritime boundaries includeVietnamin the Gulf of Thailandto the southeast andIndonesiaandIndiain theAndaman Seato the southwest.

The country is a kingdom, with most recorded reigns in the world, a Constitutional monarchy with King Rama IX, theNinth Kingof the House of Chakri, who has reigned since 1946, making him the world'slongest- servingcurrenthead of stateand the longest-reigning monarch in Thai history. The king is officially titled Head of State, the Head of the Armed Forces, an Upholder of the Buddhist religion, and the Defender of all Faiths.

Thailand is the world's 50th largest country in terms of total area (slightly smaller than Yemen and slightly larger thanSpain), with a surface area of approximately 513,000km (198,000 sq mi), and the 21st Most-populous country, with approximately 64 million people. The largest city isBangkok, the capital, which is also the country's center of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. About 75% of the population is ethnicallyThai, 14% is ofChineseorigin, and 3% is ethnically Malaythe rest belong to minority groups including Mons, Khmers and various Hill tribes. The country's official language is Thai. The primary religion is Buddhism, which is practiced by around 95% of all Thais.

Thailand experienced rapid economic growth between 1985 and 1995 and is anewly industrialized country with tourism, due to well-knowntourist destinationssuch asAyutthaya , Pattaya, Bangkok, Phuket, Krabi, Chiang Mai and Ko-Samui and exports contributing significantly to the economy.There are approximately 2.2 million legal and illegal migrants in Thailand.Thailand has also attracted a number ofexpatriatesfrom developed countries.

The currency used in Thailand is a Bath (THB). Most merchandisers do not trust another currency. The network of exchange offices is quite dense. We recommend USD and EUR. In our residence we can exchange both USD and EUR.

Exchage rate is about 38 THB for 1 USD, respectively 48 THB for 1 EUR.(Approx).


Many indigenous cultures have lived in Thailand's region since the Palaeolithic period, dating more than 10,000 years ago. They have been highly influenced by India and China due to their geographical location.

The Buddhist kingdom of Sukhothai has founded the first Siamese state in 1238, after the decline of the Khmer Empire which ruled over Southeast Asia for more than 600 years. In 1350, the kingdom of Ayutthaya surpassed Sukhothai, establishing all Hindu customs from the Khmer Empire to Siam.

In 1767 Ayutthaya fell to the Burmese King Taksin the Great, who ruled over Thailand for a brief 15 years, making Thonburi its capital city.

In 1782 King Rama I the Great took power over Thailand. Bangkok became the capital and so began the rule of the Kingdom of Rattanakosin, which is still recognized today.

Thailand was the only Southeast Asian country that hasn't been colonized by European authority. Despite this, some trades in the 19 th century with the British let to the loss of three southern provinces which later became part of Malaysia.

The revolution of 1932 led Thailand to become a constitutional monarchy. It was Japan's Allie during World War II, and then became allied to the United States after the War.

During the second half of the 20 th century, Thailand went through a few coups d'état, but eventually headed for democracy.


Thailand was called Siam until 1939. It shares its frontiers with Laos and Cambodia to the east, Malaysia to the south, and Myanmar to the west. Its coastal lines border the Gulf of Thailand to the east and the Andaman Sea to the west.

The north of the country is mountainous, with mount Doi Inthanon being the highest point at 2,576 meters. The northeast plateau borders the Mekong River, and the south consists of river valleys.

Thailand is divided into four regions, North Thailand, Northeast, Central Thailand and South Thailand. Those regions are further divided into a total of 73 provinces.

Local climate is hot and dry from November to March, making Thailand's beaches and hundreds of Islands, a very popular tourist attraction.

Thailand has many environmental issues to consider, including water and air pollution, waste management, illegal hunting, deforestation and soil erosion.


Many Thai-speaking cultures exist in Thailand. The main ethnic group are the Central Thais, consisting one third of the countries population. Their language dialect dominates over all of Thailand, making the Thai language the only official language, having its own alphabet and many dialects.

The largest non-Thai ethnic group are the Chinese who have mostly well integrated with the rest of the population. Other ethnic groups include Malays and Vietnamese.

Theravada Buddhism is practiced by more than 90% of Thais. Islam is the second largest practiced religion.

Thai's spiritual practice include respect towards ancestors, social hierarchy, and a strong sense of hospitality and generosity. These traditions are very essential in Thai's culture.

The national sport in Thailand is boxing, also called Muay Thai, which was originally taught to soldiers for combat if unarmed. This sport can be dangerous and some fighters have died during competitions. There is a modern less dangerous form of Muay that is close to western boxing.

The jasmine variety rice is almost included in every Thai mean. Local cuisine combines the five fundamental tastes: sweet, spicy, sour, bitter and salty. To achieve these tastes, the use of ingredients like garlic, chillies, lime juice, lemon grass, and fish sauce is very widely spread.

Bangkok the capital of Thailand, is a metropolis where one can find both old and new, East and West, traditional and fashionable, blended together in a harmonious way.

Samut Prakan (25 km) has countless tourist attractions such as historical sites, old markets and indigenous lifestyles along the canals. The largest crocodile farm in the world is situated here.

Samut Songkhram (79 km) highlights King Rama II Memorial Park and Amphawa Floating Market. Those who love to experience the local lifestyles have many choices of homestay programmes to choose from. The old capital from 1350 to 1767

Ayutthaya (77 km) is today visited chiefly as a historical site, especially the World Heritage Historic City of Ayutthaya and associated Historic Towns. Bang Pa-in Palace, and Bang Sai Folk Arts and Crafts Centre are places recommended for inclusion in a one-day tour.

Kanchanaburi (125 km) A good place for nature lovers, where they can raft down the stream watching enchanting scenery. The Death Railway and the Bridge over the River Kwai are also located here.

Saraburi (107 km) Buddhists should not fail to pay homage to the Buddha's Footprint there.

Lop Buri (153 km) is famous for shrines in the Khmer style, the remains of King Narai's palaces of the 17th century, and the sunflower fields.

Nakhon Pathom (56 km) is the town that boasts the tallest Buddhist pagoda both in Thailand and in the world. The greatest Elephant Show in Thailand can be seen here.

Phetchaburi (123 km) has many tourist attractions, including the famous Cha-am Beach and many other beaches, scenic mountains, limestone caves, historical sites, and ancient temples.

Prachuap Khiri Khan (281 km) is well known for Klai Kangwon Palace, a summer palace of the King and the Royal Family, the oldest beach resort,Hua Hin, and Khao Samroi Yot National Park. Another famous attraction is the 12-km-long Ban Krut Beach. Prachuap Khiri Khan Bay is scenic and suitable for sport activities.

Just 2 hours' drive from Bangkok is Pattaya, the renowned recreation centre on the east coast. Its fine sand, blue sky and limpid sea are among many other good things that prove irresistible to both foreign and domestic tourists. Although Pattaya is the cream of Chon Buri( 55 km), other places of interest are plentiful in this province - Khao Sam Muk, where stands the Chao Mae Sam Muk Shrine highly revered by Thais; Bang Saen, the nearest-to-Bangkok beach resort for families; Ko Sichang, a paradise island whose name has become the title of a song.

Chanthaburi (182 km) a coastal province famous for its gemstones, fruits, hot pepper and Chanthabun mats

Rayong (67 km) where the most attractive tourist spot is the Samet Island, which has become very popular among foreign visitors.

Trat (246 km) the most far flung province on the eastern coast, is well known for its Ko Chang Marine National Park.

Prachin Buri (166 km) is famous for its "Hin Phoeng" Rapids which is part of Khao Yai National Park.

Chiang Mai
The second biggest province of Thailand, provides visitors with a host of places of interest, such as, Doi Suthep, Doi Inthanon, Bhubing Palace, etc.The fine weather, the mountainous scenery, the exquisite handicrafts and the rich northern Thai culture are some of the charms of the North. Nan (668 km) is where culture blends well with nature. This small and peaceful province amidst the mountains is one of the most exciting sites to shoot the rapids.

Chiang Rai (197 km) located at the northern tip of Thailand in the very heart of the Golden Triangle, gains fame from its scenic views, exotic hill tribes and exciting elephant-back riding tours.

Lamphun (30 km) is a town of beautiful women, bountiful orchards and ancient temples.

Lampang (224 km) is the sole province in Thailand where horse-drawn carriages are still used as a means of transportation.

Phrae (239 km) is known for the northern costume calledmohomand Phae Muang Phi, a small area of weird earth formation. Lying in the Northwestern corner bordering Myanmar, Mae Hong Son ( 885 km from Bangkok) is well known as the "Town of Three Mists" because it is mist-shrouded throughout most of the three seasons. It has several tourist attractions, both natural and cultural. Being mountainous, the province has many waterfalls and caves.

Sukhothai (421 km from BKK) the first capital of the Thai Kingdom, is well-known for its two historic sites - Sukhothai and Si Satchanalai Historical Parks, which have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 1991.

Tak (416 km from BKK) This mountainous province is ideal for nature lovers and adventurous tourists as there are numerous places for white-water rafting, trekking and elephant riding. Blessed with high mountains and natural beauty.

Phetchabun (361 km from BKK) is where the scenic Nam Nao National Park and Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park are situated. It is also rich with waterfalls, rivers and lakes.

Phitsanulok (367 km from BKK) features many historic sites and natural scenic spots like Chat Trakan and Thung Salaeng Luang national parks. The province is also famous for the Khek River which is excellent for shooting the rapids.

Ubon Ratchathani (620 km from BKK) is the easternmost province of Thailand, bordering Laos on the east and Cambodia on the south. The renowned Pha Taem and Pha Mon are sandstone cliffs featuring prehistoric colour paintings. Other attractions include beautiful old temples and many rapids and cascades along the Mun and Mekong rivers.

Sakon Nakhon (647 km from BKK) offers tourists the picturesque scenery of the vast Nong Han Lake and Phu Phan National Park.

Surin (457 km from BKK) the land of elephants, is world famous for its Elephant Round-up taking place at the third weekend of November.

Si Sa Ket (571 km from BKK) where the famous Khmer ruins, Khao Phra Wihan, is located on the Cambodian border. There are many other Khmer-style stone buildings in the province which are worth visiting.

Buri Ram (410 km from BKK) Comprising plenty of Khmer ruins, this province is where the largest Khmer-style stone temple, Prasat Hin Phanom Rung is located.

Loei (574 km from BKK), a challenging place for nature lovers who want to admire the scenic beauty of Phu Kradueng National Park in the cool season.

(1521 km from Chiang Mai) The biggest island of Thailand located in the Andaman Sea. It has rapidly become one of the best known seaside resorts of the world But if you find Phuket a little too crowded in the peak tourist season, then Samui Island of Surat Thani (280 km) will be another choice. Its tranquillity and unpolluted environment will refresh you. Pha-ngan Island, which is a famous diving centre, is also an interesting destination.

Ranong (300 km) Thailand's rainiest province, is well known for its hot mineral springs. Visitors can enjoy mineral bath in many hotels here. The offshore Surin Island is stunning with abundant coral reefs and colourful fishes.

Phatthalung (840 km) is believed to be in the realm of the ancient Sri Vijaya Kingdom, which has long been forgotten leaving only a few hallowed hills today.

Songkhla (275 km) is a famous seaside resort in the far South where a cruise on Songkhla Lake is fascinating. Another famous place in this province isHat Yai, the big bustling city widely known for the low priced imported goods.

Krabi (166 km from Phuket) to explore its Phi Phi, Lanta, and Hong Island Groups. At Rai Le Beach, you can enjoy the exciting rock climbing. Krabi and Phang-nga are two stars besides Phuket. They are becoming popular with tourists because there are interesting attractions both on land and in the sea.

Trang (127 km) With plentiful picturesque islands, this province has many fine beaches and beautiful scenery waiting to be explored such as Chao Mai National Park, and Ko Muk and its Morakot Cave. Tarutao Island off Satun (275 km), being the remotest, will provide you with the most marvelous underwater life and most tranquil atmosphere.

Nakhon Si Thammarat (157 km), the land of predominant Buddhism during the Sri Vijaya period, is famous for its Talumpuk Cape and Hat Khanom-Mu Ko Thaletai National Park.

Gettting to Thailand

By Air
The flight distance from India to Thailand is: 1,555 miles / 2,502 km

Tour CodeNights/DaysPickup - DropPlaces
THL 0013 N/4 DBangkok Airport Pickup & Bangkok Airport Drop 2 Nt Pattaya, 1 Nt Bangkok
THL 0024 N/5 D Bangkok Airport Pickup & Bangkok Airport Drop 2 Nt Pattaya, 2 Nt Bangkok
THL 0034 N/5 DPhuket Airport Pickup & Bangkok Airport Drop 2 Nt Phuket, 2 Nt Bangkok
THL 0046 N/7 D Phuket Airport Pickup & Bangkok Airport Drop 3 Nt Phuket, 2 Nt Pattaya, 1 Nt Bangkok

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